Bloc en català

dijous, 31 de desembre de 2015

Climate hits us

Explain a tale that two rabbit saw a group of animals came running towards them. When seeing them, instead of putting on a prudent defense, they started a discussion on whether greyhounds were coming hunt both or a few pigs who gave them a ride. While they were discussing whether something or other, the pack of dogs reached a distance where they could not distinguish if they were, but it's too late to flee. Today regarding climate change will still discussing whether or not when already noticed this breath.

Extreme weather devastation

Where are the deniers of climate change? Even a year ago at the height snowstorm in the Northeast US, a congressman of science committee had the nerve to show a snowball and questioning the science on global warming; Today the Northeastern US which has almost summer temperatures, we should ask him where are his hidden snowball.

At Christmas 2013 and 2014 entry a sudden cold wave in the summer of Antarctica caused hilarity of the skeptics remain stuck in the ice boat exploring the consequences of global warming and the subsequent stranded of those who went to rescue. Everything very ironic but as I explained in "Will be arriving Global Cooling?" Global warming is much more than get hot.

Year 2014 began with a pair of polar vortex and ice growth in the Antarctic but ended up being the warmest year ever recorded. However hot hasn’t stopped at anywhere in the world. Heat waves have been distributed throughout the world regardless of the climate regime in the region. Compared the 2015 year has been extremely hot.

For the first time climate change has been present for anyone, no matter whose eyes closed. Just before all mankind climate has shown its most unpleasant face. I could list all of floods, droughts, wildfires and hurricanes / typhoons that have beaten on human societies. Thousands of dead, displaced, ruined is the balance that our climate has left tired and damaged after its passage.

Millions people roam to planet go looking for a new life. Many unfortunately are the result of the war; but most are climate refugees, it is because a series of disasters has left nothing or simply succumbed and their world has become uninhabitable. The large refugee problem is not so much the drama of abandoned land that had been their home and their ancestors; but also reaching areas on the edge of survival, where there are internal conflicts because the survival of its inhabitants is also at stake. Today, refugees can travel greater distances higher to a meridian quadrant trying to find a place to stay for survival.

The exponential growth of the human population has exacerbated the problem beings. Only to feed ourselves we have destroyed ten times more nature than we have done throughout our history. Today the umbrella of nature we literally burned. Natural systems in most of the world are kind of museum called natural; when the eccentric pressure is not par for human greed. Tenfold the population  by 10 means multiplying by 10 the emissions and tenfold by 10 the resource consumption; but unfortunately the world is not growing. If the CO2 emitted must be absorbed by nature, a growth of 10 implies absorption capacity reduced to one tenth. The consequence is the exponential growth of CO2 in atmosphere.

Congresmant do the ridiculous

We ended the year with consequences caused by "El Niño" climate phenomenon that has nothing to do with climate change. Nor are the polar vortex hurricane / typhoon or monsoon; all of them are completely separate phenomena to climate change. But its virulence, yes. As I said in "Really are temperatures stopping its rice?”  temperature isn’t the main parameter but rather parameters such as accumulated energy and the concentration of greenhouse gases are what governs climate. The extreme harshness of the climate is the result of the amount of energy accumulated around the climate system. But there is more data problematic. The temperature of the deep waters of lakes and seas are starting to climb; this will leave the methane stoned in deep, increasing the amount of greenhouse gases (and the increase of volume of sea water for warming expansion that sums to melding of ice).

The situation is so desperate that first it seems that governments want to put them seriously. But economic interests both state pressure lobbies make the force of words is diluted. At the moment everyone has for the first time only the most obtuse (economic interest prevail because the future is only obtuse) sees that the danger is knocking on the door, the question is how long need to do something.

dissabte, 19 de desembre de 2015

Nants ingonyama bagithi Baba (Christmas 2015)

Felicitació en català:
 
Earth along its orbit tirelessly returns to the starting point each year. This point is completely arbitrary, each culture has its; however we put this starting point we have established in our hemisphere when the day begins to regain lost ground in the evening, announcing the return of life. Solstices and equinoxes will happen in a ritual that from our perspective seems eternal, but that is only one more stage in the ritual of life and death of stars in a galaxy.

At this point of balance where we celebrate newcomers and we miss who left us, the passing of time shows as so clear. Children are becoming big and big people grow old. Life is like athletics tracks when come back at the starting point each four hundred meters, but with one lap more; after your strength exhausted and when you leave the witness at the next runner, just as it passed to you when you started to run.

It may seem that our existence is totally banal. In late is gone once we last met, our life will be concluded just when die the last who met us. Encyclopedias are full of names that mean nothing to anyone. But it is not true, our passage through life, each one of us, the passing of the follow us; conditions, not only those give witness, but the rest of generations until the end of our species; as in relay races, success isn’t due of who passes finish with the witness but the sum of what done every relay.

So, I hope that you celebrate the life’s spectacle, and the next orbit of our damaged planet you can live in the fullness transcendent things; and the rest Hakuna Matata.

This year I did something different as the postcard (I dare not describe it except very 'reckless') (the background you can heard is not some cats but  accompanying).

 
Bon Nadal i Bon Any  2016
Feliz Navidad y Prospero 2016
Buon Natale e Felice Anno Nuovo 2016
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2016
Frohe Weihnachten und ein gutes neues Jahr 2016

PD to take scare postcard I give you the song that inspired the beginning of post



dissabte, 7 de novembre de 2015

More than words we need to solve Climate Change

A week from the Paris summit on Climate Change, the umpteenth summit short, it seems that already have a firm commitment. Despite rumors so that to achieve a global commitment has begun to thin, and certainly this end the umpteenth summit bankruptcy. The point is that we have the G20 and the EU to form the block of developed countries, these are countries that issue, as well as due to economic globalization oblige countries to be also highly polluting. And on the other side we have the capital world of the need to produce as much energy to transport, has opted for the safest source of energy are: fossil fuels. As I explained in "Why the oil and coal consumption increase every day?" Everyone is embarked on this energy, now leave it would cause many losses.

Extreme weather growth

We passed many years of climate conferences and summits with big headlines, statements, commitments and timetables which we never fulfilled. One reason for this was the lack of awareness of the problem that had public opinion. This was due to the lack of knowledge of the situation, in part because it has not begun to appreciate until now that the extreme weather impacts us, and above all to be confused with the cacophony that produce the amount of environmental messages calls on this topic.

Although the most important reason is the economy. As I said, our world colonized by the fossil fuels: oil, gas and coal. Renewable energy sources do not provide the flexibility or power you have fossils when something problematic for many processes requires a lot of energy at peak times, which would require a rethinking of global energy use and in the context of free will as the current is impossible. Moreover, the business of the fossil is a consolidated business: distribution operation, assured customers, raw materials for more than a century, and financing secured. Oil has become a safe business with a lot of money invested that are difficult to recover; therefore the financial economy allied with fossil energy to block, delay and pressure all possible measures.

Fossil energy has kidnapped the economy. In the same way that agricultural products are bought long before there even to cultivate the fields, oil futures also purchase. The miracle that still maintains high oil prices is that the price of oil extracted today was set some years ago. Today with the fall in demand and the intrusion of hydrocarbons obtained from unconventional way, the price would fall and consequently ruin investors; but these investors, as happened in the housing crisis, which have been securitized and a fall of this price will be ahead of the financial economy, in what is called the Bubble Coal.

Today we play mislead regarding climate while the weather worsens. However Paris has come concern. Input the rapid increase of CO2 (In 30 years it has increased the pace of accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere) and the evidence of that methane hydrides begin to release the seabed (The fossil CO2 is going out Permafrost) has alerted authorities that they believed to have things very controlled. However the current president of the USA (Obamaneeds a glorious end to his disastrous administration, has accelerated a global commitment to climate, this opens up hope though very weak because only a victory presumed Republican candidate, will retract the second biggest polluter of the World, its commitments. Urgent measures are needed especially because the situation is accelerating, but world leaders are still very busy with the economic crisis and the interests of lobbies, to pay attention putting attention on climate bubble if it bursts it delete us.

dissabte, 19 de setembre de 2015

Humans evolved towards Borg or we will fall in love to own smartphone

Some days before, one post title caught my attention: “In The Future We Will All FallMadly in Love With Our Toasters” (by Tom Critchlow). He pondered about the relation between us and our electronic kits. I used word kit with the two senses because our relation with the smart phone is deeper than own sons.

What are a person when the lamp has the same reactions
Is Pinokio only a lamp?

It could possible to fall in love with the cat. However it’s a living being and gives you its senses and affection (cat sometimes, dog forever and ever). But toast is something and inanimate, nevertheless in this post shows the a little film (IsPinokio only a lamp? In Vimeo, but the extend version is linked below in Youtube) when the lamp take animation and interacted with our movements and expression. I remember an old cat that every morning climbed on Romba (sweeping robot) which carry it for all the house, but the most interest was seeing cat go to Romba when it was stop and remained at its side making companion (I don’t know if Romba cried when cat has death).

To take affection to anything makes us more humans, but smartphones its other history, and it has other perverse connotation. The Borg are a science-fiction alien species (Star Trek series) which is characterized by the obsession to homogenize and assimilate other forms of intelligent life which my have in the galaxy; they live in a kind of unique consciousness in which individuals are interconnected between them. They also have a system of absolute monarchy where the queen, like ants or bees, orders and makes decisions. But that system hasn’t any sense within this social organization; because this purpose, to make decisions, it would has this global consciousness. In short, as we invented the role of bees queens imitating humans monarch, while really they only have the task is to give birth eggs, and decisions are taken collectively each group of bees of the same tasks; the writers have created a queen imitating a social organization that doesn't exist, and at the same time it would be less operational.

Either way humans have a social structure based on circles, family, friends, acquaintances ... at the same time a pyramidal organization, based leaders, gregarious and gregarious of the gregarious. We like to be in contact group and we need this. But this usually has a handicap: our reasoning requires concentration and introspection. So the human being grows, first through what exchanges with the rest of their peers, and on the other with reflection alone with our own about what we see and experience.

Normally we have the image of the sage as one who flees the crowd. This makes sense because the crowd is addictive. If we remember the best moments of our lives we realize that almost none is alone. But the crowd or simply be accompanied requires being attentive to the evolution of the group, and that limits our action to simple linked or not to the dynamics of that group operational work. For study or reflection solitude is needed, although really the wise never is alone because otherwise he loses touch with reality and he will be going to mad.

The new social networks have increased worldwide awareness of almost exponentially to connect academics from all over the world. They feed back their findings, but to make a breakthrough everyone has to do their job. Even today where everything is done as a team, each member has their role that does alone, being the power of the group to coordinate work efficiently, at the same time comment or ask for help from classmates. Without introspection there isn’t mental growth.

But these networks, which at the end of the conch they are still a business, have been extended to the maximum possible customers. What is a communication facility has become an obsession. In any public transport we can see how many people call and ask a family member “How are you feeling?” Normally if you keep the conversation is someone who has seen few hours ago, continuing with these classic conversations that we make to can say something and keep talking.

Borg Queen

Although the technology to move forward with applications and bandwidth, it occurs something even more perverse. Today if we look at bus stops, waiting rooms or bars; we see a lot of people glued to their mobile, following lists of sentences with or without pictures attached. This is the Time List of different social networks, and while they are stuck to their life runs around them. Gradually their world is reduced to those lines attached to the image of an avatar which it occupies more and more time, reducing the time that one dedicates oneself. As I said it's addictive, it would become these social networks as a kind of endless colonies where everything you do is in perpetual company of your contacts.


As explained at the beginning of the Borgs are aliens (fictional) who haven’t own life because the whole hive is interconnected at all times. Surely we are far from the Borg or one similar to human Matrix existence, but if anyone starts making the effort to contain it, and our technology gets implemented mobile phone in our brain (which is not so far as it seems) before long we will live in hives like the Borg.

dissabte, 22 d’agost de 2015

Music is fireworks for our brain

In studies of the areas in the brain used for different activities it shows that hear or play music involves the whole brain.

We can look for differences between animals and us, but let's be honest not exist, because we are animals like them. But if something sets us apart a little, isn't the language, however even after the plants have it; but is the ability to generate music. We've all seen cats playing pianos, and even a donkey was a flutist, but they don’t really make music; most cats, even playing notes at will, only cause leaving vibrations that produce pleasure, but don’t try to play a melody. It may be the first stage in that hominids began to contact with the music, but missing most importantly see each sounds and our relation like one.

Músic the path of dreams

Scanners, CT or MRI are, let see what parts of the brain are active, and even observe that activates when a particular activity is made. It is generally observed that each type of activity is assigned an area of the brain, and that this is activated in the same way whether it is active or passive, ie executing it or imagined it runs. But most surprising is when this activity is the music. Listen to music or play music suddenly illuminates our brain. But listening to music or play isn’t the same: to listen more different zones are activated, but interpret the whole brain becomes a single interconnected area. How we can think, who imagine to do an activity, before has to had learned how to do, so there is a difference when listening music from who knows or doesn’t knows playing music. Who plays an instrument he illuminates equally the brain whether plays, listening or just imagine the melody in the head.

How playing an instrument Benefits our brain

Playing an instrument (singing properly so is) is to have fireworks in our brain. Implies concentration for different parts motors of our body move extremely coordinated to get an instrument or our own body generates an ordered series of mechanical disturbances which other people will recognize as music; It needs that brain must move a lot of information, at the same time quickly and accurately, no place for correction. This generates the creation of channels, synopsis and even neurons. It is observed that most brains of those who have learned music, interpret and listen, they are younger than most of their peers. Another thing we see is brain agility superior and easier to intellectual and artistic activities not directly related to it; not to mention more memory required to play any piece of music.

But the music only exists in our brain. In the same way the sounds only exist in our ear, no in the musical instrument. The way our inner ear creates sounds from cacophony of mechanical waves that arrive in our environment, it shapes in part what we perceive as sound. Images, sounds, smells ... exist only in the interpretation of the world that makes every brain, with a predilection for frequencies. This liking for the frequencies, such as spatial geometry, brings us to the temporally which are the music.

Although brain scans are really modern and lightening, most of these things already knew which is why the teaching of music has always been accompanying primary education in all ages, cultures and regions. In the same way that Ray Bradbury in Fahrenheit 451 showed a world where reading refused to send humanity to the deepest ignorance, our ancestor’s chiefs have denied music at their "servants" to safely avoid their intellectual development. As I explained in "Fahrenheit 451: the temperature which knowledge begins to burn" to lead knowledge is the key to manipulating the population. In this sense how much sooner machines begins to play music, something what’s happening in the commercial music today, faster brains will return apathetic. Today, in a world where music through technology has become ubiquitous everywhere, it is virtually impossible to find someone singing or being able to sing a song of which they proud repeatedly in media or public spaces. In a way it is like the attempted imposition of monolinguals, today we know that each language occupies different areas of the brain, creating synergies between them and increased the capacity of understanding of the environment; but from XVIII century states know that one language is one way of understanding the world, helping those who want to impose states.

The benefits of bilingual brain

Luckily the music is more human than the humans themselves. Humanity brings many shameful scourges but also music, everywhere in the world there are people making music with anything that can generate resonant sounds; and we go to the poorest and most miserable suburbs of our cities that somewhere someone playing a guitar and made magic.

dissabte, 25 de juliol de 2015

“That's one small step for a man, a giant leap for mankind” but we wait the second

July 20, 1969 Neil Armstrong descended the stairs of the lunar module Eagle and uttered the famous phrase "one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." At that moment the moon was still a reference in the sky to become a place; and certainly the time during the Cold War it became a collective catharsis regardless of the flag which ended planted on its surface. Definitely they stood before one of the most important milestones of mankind, to compare of the domain of fire.

Apollo XI

But December 14, 1972 in Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt left the Moon, we never return. In these 45 years there has been speculation about the cause of no return, including the possibility that it was all staged. This was the Apollo XVII was provided to 20, but US have won the race to the Russians, added the fact that people had also lost interest, and maxing coinciding with the oil crisis, ended the program. But were these the primary reason?

The moon is far, more far than most of us can imagine. Obviously in the 60s astronomers was well known how far was the moon, as the distance to stars light years with extraordinary precision; but there was an erroneous conception of space, which they thought empty but today we know that space is plenty of objects of very small and undetectable size which have a relative speeds of the order of kilometers per second (faster than a bullet from a gun) that they can cleanly through our ships fuselages aluminum with few millimeters. In other hand we always believed that the crossing would be a challenge comparable with Columbus's voyage to America; The new continent could be unknown but there was water, plants, animals, air necessary for survival, but on the Moon and other Solar System there is nothing about this; for practical purposes be wandering through space or trapped on the moon is the same. And our only island available, Earth, involves land, because to go out into space to rescue months of preparation that an accident does not have needed, and this requires that they are undamaged parts of the ship unless we want to end up in as the Columbia disaster in 1997.

We live in a comfortable world protected by an invisible shield that is Earth's magnetic field deflects the solar wind. Mars has no such protection, and Mars has no organic matter on its surface. Luckily the Apollo astronauts were only a few days of travel and agreed in peaceful by making solar flares period. The space station is 400 km high in the Earth's magnetic field and never venture out of this assignment.

Apollo XVII the last Moon mission


Apollo XIII the wake-up call

There is an official version because jumped by half air command module but it does not really have the slightest idea. A part of that annoying drawback, What caused the accident? We must add that only luck saved the crew. Depending on how events have evolved the fate of these would have been worse to explore the ship. None could deliver, no redundant parts or circuits, and worst screenplay exit the safety of the trip is almost lost in space. To get the notion an Apollo did not differ much as thought of traveling within a cannonball as narrated by Jules Verne.

Although in reality it had already this notice in the Apollo XI. Almost all spent fuel reserves (which was not much) seeking a landing site: the Moon was much more rugged than previously thought. Even worse was to leave, the ignition lever without air lost when opening the ship to go broke, they could just go with the dresses pressurized impossible to make complex mechanical hands because the gloves; luckily they found a pen (which was not to be at all there) with which to handle and able to operate the ignition, without the pen today would still be up there mummified.

We don’t turn because the 80% confidence that proclaimed as 50% for advertising purposes to give more emotion, but really it wasn’t reached the 20%; when truth and only the luck allowed that there wasn’t any victim in the eight Apollos who circled the moon. The more we increases our knowledge, more we know about our ignorance; and lots of drones and studies on Earth have given us a knowledge of our planetary system, unimaginable in distant 60s. Ironically at that time they saw walked by Mars in ours current dates but they didn’t imagine how much we know today about this planet. We end up traveling to the stars but before our robotic emissaries have flattened the way.

dissabte, 11 de juliol de 2015

In 30 years it has increased the pace of accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere

A UN report shows that the rate of accumulation of CO2 and other gases is increasing year after year

It will soon be 17 years from the signing of the Kyoto Protocol that drove reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. Part of the protocol referred to CFCs already being eradicated because of another also deleterious effect on the atmosphere was fulfilled: the destruction of the ozone layer; but the most important reducing CO2 emissions from the combustion of hydrocarbon energy to achieve, not only it hasn’t been met but that emissions have increased. A report commissioned by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) shows that in the last 30 years CO2 is still accumulating in the atmosphere, it also shows an acceleration almost double the rate of accumulation was in the 80s.


The consequence is clear the average temperatures increases, due to the greenhouse effect, the effect caused by CO2 and other gases, decreases the amount of heat released into the atmosphere space. Although there are voices arguing the validity of the existence of a correlation between increased CO2 (indisputable) with increasing temperature (this also proved but discussed by the deniers); although the evidence is irrefutable if the two curves are compared: the concentration of CO2 per year, with average temperatures per year.

Anyway CO2 has risen steeply reaching 400 ppm. This figure obviously is a round number, but due to two criteria. The first was the approximate 200 ppm concentration of CO2 was widespread before the Industrial Revolution in the mid-nineteenth century, thus 400 ppm is to double this concentration. The second is more significant; there have been periods with greater concentration as the Cretaceous, although it was several times higher than this, or the latest Pliocene period where there are concentrations of this order; but never in the past 600,000 years, during which we have fossil records indicate direct CO2 concentration, temperature and other climatic variables, it has come to this concentration. At the moment there are no data to show how would be the weather with this concentration of CO2.

The weather is not linear, and our current climate is very cold compared to the Pliocene. So expect that climate would evolve until resemble to into this period, in one way or another, and in accordance of virulence that is taking the current climate it will tend to the rapid and devastating form. Already speak on "The great flood" the disappearance of glaciers force a migration of 3,000 million; but it will be involved not only the coast, also crops suffer within climate change and the consequent relocation and disappearance of species.

We can ask May we stop climate change? At in this point no. In "The fossil CO2 is going out Permafrost" I spoke about how methane hydrides of the ocean floor began to release methane due to increased temperature. Also the low temperatures increase the CO2 absorption capacity of water, lowering the rate of absorption of this and subsequent conversion to O2 by planktonic algae. Also the heat releases the CO2 absorbed by the ice. In short, only by the fact to have reached these temperatures we are creating increase of CO2.

In a desperate appeal by the United Nations, it calls for drastic stop emissions, which is a euphemism for "stop burning oil, coal and gas NOW". Obviously this will not be carried out because the state is still the subject of renewable energy would be practically a "shutdown" of human activity. However the increase of violent weather phenomena and the main temperatures record, have rethought the positions, even the most reluctant countries (except Australia and Russia); although some producing of fossil energy countries also joined.

Today we are facing the most important challenge facing humanity and as happens in front of all the challenges there isn’t unanimity when it comes to deal with it. You can most actors would more or less agree, the interests of third parties make no progress together. With overpopulation coupled with a waste of resources we have to face climate change to which we turn our eyes to other; It is causing it to end up being much worse than humanity could endure.