Bloc en català

dissabte, 22 d’agost de 2015

Music is fireworks for our brain

In studies of the areas in the brain used for different activities it shows that hear or play music involves the whole brain.

We can look for differences between animals and us, but let's be honest not exist, because we are animals like them. But if something sets us apart a little, isn't the language, however even after the plants have it; but is the ability to generate music. We've all seen cats playing pianos, and even a donkey was a flutist, but they don’t really make music; most cats, even playing notes at will, only cause leaving vibrations that produce pleasure, but don’t try to play a melody. It may be the first stage in that hominids began to contact with the music, but missing most importantly see each sounds and our relation like one.

Músic the path of dreams

Scanners, CT or MRI are, let see what parts of the brain are active, and even observe that activates when a particular activity is made. It is generally observed that each type of activity is assigned an area of the brain, and that this is activated in the same way whether it is active or passive, ie executing it or imagined it runs. But most surprising is when this activity is the music. Listen to music or play music suddenly illuminates our brain. But listening to music or play isn’t the same: to listen more different zones are activated, but interpret the whole brain becomes a single interconnected area. How we can think, who imagine to do an activity, before has to had learned how to do, so there is a difference when listening music from who knows or doesn’t knows playing music. Who plays an instrument he illuminates equally the brain whether plays, listening or just imagine the melody in the head.

How playing an instrument Benefits our brain

Playing an instrument (singing properly so is) is to have fireworks in our brain. Implies concentration for different parts motors of our body move extremely coordinated to get an instrument or our own body generates an ordered series of mechanical disturbances which other people will recognize as music; It needs that brain must move a lot of information, at the same time quickly and accurately, no place for correction. This generates the creation of channels, synopsis and even neurons. It is observed that most brains of those who have learned music, interpret and listen, they are younger than most of their peers. Another thing we see is brain agility superior and easier to intellectual and artistic activities not directly related to it; not to mention more memory required to play any piece of music.

But the music only exists in our brain. In the same way the sounds only exist in our ear, no in the musical instrument. The way our inner ear creates sounds from cacophony of mechanical waves that arrive in our environment, it shapes in part what we perceive as sound. Images, sounds, smells ... exist only in the interpretation of the world that makes every brain, with a predilection for frequencies. This liking for the frequencies, such as spatial geometry, brings us to the temporally which are the music.

Although brain scans are really modern and lightening, most of these things already knew which is why the teaching of music has always been accompanying primary education in all ages, cultures and regions. In the same way that Ray Bradbury in Fahrenheit 451 showed a world where reading refused to send humanity to the deepest ignorance, our ancestor’s chiefs have denied music at their "servants" to safely avoid their intellectual development. As I explained in "Fahrenheit 451: the temperature which knowledge begins to burn" to lead knowledge is the key to manipulating the population. In this sense how much sooner machines begins to play music, something what’s happening in the commercial music today, faster brains will return apathetic. Today, in a world where music through technology has become ubiquitous everywhere, it is virtually impossible to find someone singing or being able to sing a song of which they proud repeatedly in media or public spaces. In a way it is like the attempted imposition of monolinguals, today we know that each language occupies different areas of the brain, creating synergies between them and increased the capacity of understanding of the environment; but from XVIII century states know that one language is one way of understanding the world, helping those who want to impose states.

The benefits of bilingual brain

Luckily the music is more human than the humans themselves. Humanity brings many shameful scourges but also music, everywhere in the world there are people making music with anything that can generate resonant sounds; and we go to the poorest and most miserable suburbs of our cities that somewhere someone playing a guitar and made magic.

dissabte, 25 de juliol de 2015

“That's one small step for a man, a giant leap for mankind” but we wait the second

July 20, 1969 Neil Armstrong descended the stairs of the lunar module Eagle and uttered the famous phrase "one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." At that moment the moon was still a reference in the sky to become a place; and certainly the time during the Cold War it became a collective catharsis regardless of the flag which ended planted on its surface. Definitely they stood before one of the most important milestones of mankind, to compare of the domain of fire.

Apollo XI

But December 14, 1972 in Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt left the Moon, we never return. In these 45 years there has been speculation about the cause of no return, including the possibility that it was all staged. This was the Apollo XVII was provided to 20, but US have won the race to the Russians, added the fact that people had also lost interest, and maxing coinciding with the oil crisis, ended the program. But were these the primary reason?

The moon is far, more far than most of us can imagine. Obviously in the 60s astronomers was well known how far was the moon, as the distance to stars light years with extraordinary precision; but there was an erroneous conception of space, which they thought empty but today we know that space is plenty of objects of very small and undetectable size which have a relative speeds of the order of kilometers per second (faster than a bullet from a gun) that they can cleanly through our ships fuselages aluminum with few millimeters. In other hand we always believed that the crossing would be a challenge comparable with Columbus's voyage to America; The new continent could be unknown but there was water, plants, animals, air necessary for survival, but on the Moon and other Solar System there is nothing about this; for practical purposes be wandering through space or trapped on the moon is the same. And our only island available, Earth, involves land, because to go out into space to rescue months of preparation that an accident does not have needed, and this requires that they are undamaged parts of the ship unless we want to end up in as the Columbia disaster in 1997.

We live in a comfortable world protected by an invisible shield that is Earth's magnetic field deflects the solar wind. Mars has no such protection, and Mars has no organic matter on its surface. Luckily the Apollo astronauts were only a few days of travel and agreed in peaceful by making solar flares period. The space station is 400 km high in the Earth's magnetic field and never venture out of this assignment.

Apollo XVII the last Moon mission


Apollo XIII the wake-up call

There is an official version because jumped by half air command module but it does not really have the slightest idea. A part of that annoying drawback, What caused the accident? We must add that only luck saved the crew. Depending on how events have evolved the fate of these would have been worse to explore the ship. None could deliver, no redundant parts or circuits, and worst screenplay exit the safety of the trip is almost lost in space. To get the notion an Apollo did not differ much as thought of traveling within a cannonball as narrated by Jules Verne.

Although in reality it had already this notice in the Apollo XI. Almost all spent fuel reserves (which was not much) seeking a landing site: the Moon was much more rugged than previously thought. Even worse was to leave, the ignition lever without air lost when opening the ship to go broke, they could just go with the dresses pressurized impossible to make complex mechanical hands because the gloves; luckily they found a pen (which was not to be at all there) with which to handle and able to operate the ignition, without the pen today would still be up there mummified.

We don’t turn because the 80% confidence that proclaimed as 50% for advertising purposes to give more emotion, but really it wasn’t reached the 20%; when truth and only the luck allowed that there wasn’t any victim in the eight Apollos who circled the moon. The more we increases our knowledge, more we know about our ignorance; and lots of drones and studies on Earth have given us a knowledge of our planetary system, unimaginable in distant 60s. Ironically at that time they saw walked by Mars in ours current dates but they didn’t imagine how much we know today about this planet. We end up traveling to the stars but before our robotic emissaries have flattened the way.

dissabte, 11 de juliol de 2015

In 30 years it has increased the pace of accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere

A UN report shows that the rate of accumulation of CO2 and other gases is increasing year after year

It will soon be 17 years from the signing of the Kyoto Protocol that drove reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. Part of the protocol referred to CFCs already being eradicated because of another also deleterious effect on the atmosphere was fulfilled: the destruction of the ozone layer; but the most important reducing CO2 emissions from the combustion of hydrocarbon energy to achieve, not only it hasn’t been met but that emissions have increased. A report commissioned by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) shows that in the last 30 years CO2 is still accumulating in the atmosphere, it also shows an acceleration almost double the rate of accumulation was in the 80s.


The consequence is clear the average temperatures increases, due to the greenhouse effect, the effect caused by CO2 and other gases, decreases the amount of heat released into the atmosphere space. Although there are voices arguing the validity of the existence of a correlation between increased CO2 (indisputable) with increasing temperature (this also proved but discussed by the deniers); although the evidence is irrefutable if the two curves are compared: the concentration of CO2 per year, with average temperatures per year.

Anyway CO2 has risen steeply reaching 400 ppm. This figure obviously is a round number, but due to two criteria. The first was the approximate 200 ppm concentration of CO2 was widespread before the Industrial Revolution in the mid-nineteenth century, thus 400 ppm is to double this concentration. The second is more significant; there have been periods with greater concentration as the Cretaceous, although it was several times higher than this, or the latest Pliocene period where there are concentrations of this order; but never in the past 600,000 years, during which we have fossil records indicate direct CO2 concentration, temperature and other climatic variables, it has come to this concentration. At the moment there are no data to show how would be the weather with this concentration of CO2.

The weather is not linear, and our current climate is very cold compared to the Pliocene. So expect that climate would evolve until resemble to into this period, in one way or another, and in accordance of virulence that is taking the current climate it will tend to the rapid and devastating form. Already speak on "The great flood" the disappearance of glaciers force a migration of 3,000 million; but it will be involved not only the coast, also crops suffer within climate change and the consequent relocation and disappearance of species.

We can ask May we stop climate change? At in this point no. In "The fossil CO2 is going out Permafrost" I spoke about how methane hydrides of the ocean floor began to release methane due to increased temperature. Also the low temperatures increase the CO2 absorption capacity of water, lowering the rate of absorption of this and subsequent conversion to O2 by planktonic algae. Also the heat releases the CO2 absorbed by the ice. In short, only by the fact to have reached these temperatures we are creating increase of CO2.

In a desperate appeal by the United Nations, it calls for drastic stop emissions, which is a euphemism for "stop burning oil, coal and gas NOW". Obviously this will not be carried out because the state is still the subject of renewable energy would be practically a "shutdown" of human activity. However the increase of violent weather phenomena and the main temperatures record, have rethought the positions, even the most reluctant countries (except Australia and Russia); although some producing of fossil energy countries also joined.

Today we are facing the most important challenge facing humanity and as happens in front of all the challenges there isn’t unanimity when it comes to deal with it. You can most actors would more or less agree, the interests of third parties make no progress together. With overpopulation coupled with a waste of resources we have to face climate change to which we turn our eyes to other; It is causing it to end up being much worse than humanity could endure.


diumenge, 7 de juny de 2015

Mankind is melding by own hot

Coaching is a great fashion who wants to success in the life. Really I didn’t think that it’s necessary but it could help us when we’re lost. A personal couch is only the classical counselor, someone with experience or knowledge who gives us other point of view, and she/he shows us several possible actions about this problem; the difference is the professionalism and academic knowledge. Today mankind needs a couch, because we are lost.

Indian suffers an extreme hot wave. More than 500 people have died and hot are so intense that asphalt pavement is melting (literal view photo). Obviously extreme weather has always been independent of climate; but simultaneously US California has the same rain that Mexicana California: any drop; dry Texas is flooding, and in Rocky Mountains didn’t snow in the winter while US east coast has suffer several cool waves. USA weather is knowing in all the World thanks their potent press industry, but Europe doesn’t safe from these disasters; and in other parts of planet usually hide of media, floods and droughts are often first page in the news. Extreme weather doesn’t mean climate change but climatechange make extreme weather.

Extreme weather melts our infraestructures

What are we doing? Well we are still talking from two decades, but we don’t do anything. Global economy runs very well for who have money, obviously, and  they make all the pressure that can to blocked all initiative could attempt their wonderful world. Economic powers are worrying about weather and climate; but weather is a variable that they work usually , and climate they prefer believe and all is normal before to make something that damage their economic profits.

We are late in the climate change fight. Independent of thresholds or criteria that put it, CO2 is increasing because we don’t stop to burn. Every year of inaction worsted our possibilities of success. Things must be thinking before to make a disaster. But it’s very suppressive the extreme cautionwith taken the climate questions in front the less precautionary with taken economic decision, not only when it attacks nature, where it was do really barbarities, but in the same economic context, ruining thousands of people in every bad economic decision.

But we are putting the eye on the CO2 emission, surely the main issue; therefore exists more issues that playing and multiply the main effect. Deforestation of rain forest, pressure on the water, overexploitation of natural sources makes imbalances in the complex planetary climate system. In the background of it there is the overpopulation. Today America is feeding the rest of word, join to Africa. Today Africa has less wild land than USA; African people emigrate to Europe because their food is exported to Europe and Asia. Europe and Asia can’t produce enough food for their habitants. The great food companies invade wild land to increase the food production. More humans means to need more meal, and water, dresses, furniture… The predation of primary materials is intense and at this predation we must add the destruction due to the extraction of materials and the energy and waste necessary in their carrier to the use. Every new person implies more land to agriculture, more materials to supply and more trash. Trash is other problem because its processing needs energy work and materials in industrial word; but third world can’t pay the cost to process it, and it’s leaving to its luck, increasing the pressure on the nature. Today Canada is devastating its forest and tundras to get Tar Sands but Indonesia  is ending its rain forest for wood and substitute them for palm plantations, more profitable because it’s the basis of soap.

Indonesian Rain Forest destruction

Mayas end, until XX century, was a mystery with more speculations make. But a casual find about an extreme drought in XVIII in rain forest of Central America give light that it could pass. First it was found that boundary conditions that had in XVIII, were the same in XII century when Mayas disappeared, second fossil proves that XII century in Central America suffer a more extreme drought and extended in time. But the question is Why was different that produces the end of a civilization? The answer is the population. Mayas were two orders of magnitude more populates than the current population of XVIII. This population, less estimated until then, ware living in an extensive cities of wood (thing that produces de les estimation) which it must be alimented. The rainforest haven’t rich land and it required to race new extensions of rainforest at the time. Mayas race all the rainforest of Central America, when season drought arrived the protection of rainforest weren’t, the agriculture collapse and society explode.

Today the use of fossil fuel allows us to make miracles. When the number of people passes the threshold of sustainability we supply it to carry from other site. This will be a boomerang because the overpopulation of zone doesn’t stop to grow, which requires growing proportional the supply, until the source can’t give more; after we go to the other source. The bad news is the sources are finites, because planet is finite.


Now the process toward new climate is beginning and our path in this process has a trend to down, we are falling. It’s finished the time to answer if there are or not climate change, the question is if we are downing in a low trend which allows us to save of disaster or we are falling down along a ravine

dimarts, 2 de juny de 2015

John Nash and the death of Alpha Male

“John Nash 1928 – 2015 mathematician Nobel Prix of economy”

Attila is attributed to the phrase "the most important thing isn’t winning, but other opponents are defeated".  This sentence is an obvious extreme: if everyone wins nobody won. That we have examples everywhere, everyone who isn’t the first in race has lost; and no matter how well you run or had overcome more difficulties than others, what mattered was who first crosses to the finish line. Not only in sport are examples. In the workplace it every day How many people are fighting a struggle against the competition with the result of a victory and ruin the rest? Normally the losers have done less merit than the winner, although details have decided that fortune has tipped to one side or another of the net (Match Point (Woody Allen).)

Every race there are one only winner

But the Attila’s phrase has more significance of which seems, as I explain in "Absolutism a gene more of human beings" humans are gregarious as chimpanzees, and how they have "Alpha Males" who govern and we obey as sheep. But to ensure the constant presence of "alpha male" leading the flock required constant supply of it, so every day new born potential M.Alfa  which will fight for the status that his body needs. When Attila talks about defeat, he refers to a defeat without answering and the acceptance by the losers of their status and submission to the winner.

Today the entire social organization is subject to these rules, but John Nash proved this social structuring is totally inefficient. It’s indisputable that wolves, chimpanzees and other gregarious animals have societies, but these never exceed a large number of individuals. All these organizations tend to fragmentation and disintegration. Our blidness historical perspective  tend us to see the opposite thanks to globalization; but just look at history to see that feudalism is the social organization that humanity chooses and modern populated cities are strated in ghettos and social classes without connection between them. However all empires haven’t finished falling by external invasions, but rather by stratification and bureaucratization   of their society (todaynot be different: The Legacy absolutist).

The death of John Nash "John Nash, mathematician portrayed in A Beautiful Mind, dies in taxi crash at 86" The Guardian, has had a global impact because of the movie "A Beautiful Mind" (2001) which basically showed his fighting schizophrenia, a bit like being the caricature of a "madness teacher " in the end turned out to be great. But Dr. Nash was much more than it. He has important contributions to mathematics and especially game theory, apart from work on cryptography and geometry.
It is precisely their contribution to game theory where his contribution was more surprising, which earned him the Nobel Prize in Economics. Normally used to explain other examples or paradoxes Nash equilibrium, though I will use the example that comes to the film that can be summed up in the saying: "The beautiful envy the luck of the ugly." Suppose two girls: the beautiful and the "nice" coming out party. As usual all the males dispute the charms of the beautiful and the ugly despise; but one of the smartest males instead of going to by the pretty ugly, because it has competition and to succeed; finger refers perhaps to the grace that makes him pretty eccentric is the swarm of suitors is removed.

The previous practice is not new, it’s usual in a friends group to distribute to avoid crush. But this smart attitude is forgetting in the other aspects of life, which are fighting for the best position completely alien to the overall objective of the group. Only in cases of extreme danger or survival, we behave in collective work, the most of the times we are incapable of understanding if the rest also earn you win more. However, neoliberalism promotes individualism, rewarding the smartest at the expense of anyone. In this regard Nash rends all liberal economic theories. His theory seemed to have changed the world economy in crisis 80 but the fall of the Berlin Wall and the madness of cheap credit were revived savage capitalism. Interestingly most economy Nobel are mathematical not gurus of the economy, there will be some reason: "Economics: Science or Religion."

The alpha male is a problem in any team. First must spend resources to maintain its position and decisions often counterproductive to the goal of the group to keep it. On the other hand the existence of Alpha Male candidates are making these more outstanding climbing this position than in its task within the group, causing tensions (even sabotage) or request to be well positioned for side events and delaying global work so does their part.

Humans should take example of large swarms, but unfortunately follow the example of Attila.

dissabte, 7 de març de 2015

The fossil CO2 is going out Permafrost

In July of 2014 irrupts the amazing news of the discovery in Permafrost one huge crater of about 80 meters in diameter in a remote part of Siberi, specifically in Yamal Peninsula. The needed of the time to arrive until this far region, created a mount of urban tales that what could it be. From first images we can observe the considerable. The news had spread like wildfire because of the legend of "Well to Hell" (Well where we could go down to hell) that is supposed to Siberia, although this urban legend is the result of the craters produced by opencast Russian that can be seen from satellite. Several hypotheses have been considered. First they think about the possibility of a meteorite, probably induced by the psychosis that produced the massive drop in a year, but can rule out the tubular shape of it. Today we know taht is a gas explosion, logical that area is the largest number of farms and gas resources of Russia, and also in very small scale found in the Permafrost Area for similar craters due to this phenomenon.

Siberian hole discober in July of 2014

The Global Warming melting the continental ice (as explained in "The great flood") because of the large expanses of Greenland and Antarctica, the Permafrost are immense beds of continental ice melt and also contribute to increase the sea level. Actually the Permafrost contributes a lot in the Climate Change. Ice retains that dissolved gases when the liquid was water. Especially CO2 and CH4 (methane: natural gas). The clean ice has little methane but Permafrost is frozen peat that microbial life decays very slowly. The putrefaction of this peat generates methane is combined with ice water creating Methane Hydrides freeze also leaving the CH4 captured on ice.

However a recent study “Winters in Siberian permafrost regions have warmed since millennia” shows a warming of Permafrost since 7,000 years ago. Obviously it doesn’t mean that Global warming is a hoax or the no human hand in this climate phenomenon. Really as I write in “The drop that makes a glass overflows”, Climate Change is a combination of two factor, natural trend and a little (or big) human help.

So it is not surprising that in his immense permafrost Russia is supplying gas to Europe and soon to China. But global warming is melting the ice and creating methane hydrides bags, which combined with salt and internal movements of the same Permafrost (essentially due to the same thaw), explode and release gases into the atmosphere.

The size of the current crater on one side is worrying because it is the size of a hoses apple and adds a hazard to people and facilities (high risk because they are oil exploration); and secondly indicate an acceleration of the process of melting ice also detected in Greenland and Antarctic Peninsula. Speeding Melting Permafrost also involve increased speed of global warming due to the release of greenhouse gases trapped in it.

But does this mean that it's unleashing the entry of a new Cretaceous? Not necessarily, in fact if the melting Permafrost what would happen according to some modeling is quite the opposite; return to an Ice Age. Melt the permafrost and Greenland, freshwater would fill the Arctic Ocean. In fact this is what happens, Arctic doesn’t desalinate, because fresh water doesn’t mix with the salt, but is forming a huge bubble of fresh water in the center. Freshwater trapped there would only be a matter of time before this was over diluting the salt, but continued contribution makes it grow rather than diluted. The combined action of the circumpolar currents and ice bench of Pole keep supporting this fresh water, even if it grows more will end incoming into the Atlantic Ocean flow; fresh water is lighter than salt sinking below the current Thermohaline and preventing it can release its heat to Western Europe causing the entry of a new ice age (read “The day after tomorrow").

A curiosity in Siberia is not good news for our world. Studies confirm the acceleration (not the stop) of Global warming. Certainly all the responsibility of this climate threat isn’t human, but today we face the great challenge of climate, and every day goes out new evidence on the Climate Change that economic powers try to minimize. Russia has a vested interest in minimizing the incident, but considering that their wealth is aposentada on foundations that melt they fall to the idea of seeing a disaster as BP in the Gulf of Mexico, if before the Carbon Bubble will explode their dependent oil economy. 

dimarts, 30 de desembre de 2014

2014 the hottest year than ever

Published in Linkedin: 2014 the hottest year than ever (30/12/14)


Cretaceous was an age which everybody imagines as a global tropical world. In fact and long terms is true, but in this long period it could happen more climates. However there was very quiet period, always we compare with current time; and it has singularities that it goes away to the ideal tropical climate. Cetaceous was hot; but ironically tropics no more than current, while polar seas (there wasn’t any continent in there) was as warmed current areas. Unlike today Cretaceous climate haven’t great differences in relation to latitude, the heat was efficiently transported to the poles by the oceans. Planet hasn’t a significate temperature gradient, so winds was only an anecdote, and it means that more part of land emerge (without continental ice of Antarctica level sea was more of 200 meters higher than today, The great flood) was a desert (read The day after Tomorrow where explain little the importance of distribution of continents and current climate).

This presentation tray to explain how difficult is stablished the degree hot of any time period. Nowhere have the same orographic shape every time, and climates evolve with it; Cretaceous and today aren’t comparable. To say “the hottest year than ever” is a phrase surely false. All Cretaceous if we could apply the same parameters of today was hotter than any of the 26 million years. Unfortunately we can’t apply; temperatures or localization of real sites are only estimates. Therefore we can compare 2014 with the last 100 years, and the answer is yes; 2014 is the hottest year from we have real meteorological data.

Some people can’t believe this. 2014 began with polar vortex, tree chips caught in the Antarctic Ice, and Climate Deniers blaming about the imminent arrived of Ice Age. Even then global main temperature was higher than other similar north winters. Today I write near of Mediterranean Northern Coast, but temperature in street is -6 Celsius degree in a town at 300 meters above sea level, hot compared with current temperatures in northern Europe but very cold compared to normal for the time. But satellite data confirms the opposite of our perception seems. It may seem a contradiction but it has a very easy reason other sites of North Hemisphere are temperatures higher than normal for the time; in fact just one week weather in my town was as beginning of fall, and the last month (November) weather was as summer.


The supposed Global Warming Hiatus or Pause is only an invention of Climate Skeptics, who’s taken partial data for corroborate their hypothesis. In the beginning of 2013 (winter is the better time to publish denier postulates) some corrections of the IPCC model and the Britain Met Office Scandal about some e-mails that affirms falsifying data, were the trigger for the campaign to the Global Warming Hoax. Two item are true; but the main data before, while and after scandal were contrasted, and models are always correcting. All model parameters adjustment that corrects when compared with reality; in other hand more boundaries are adding after when it see their needed. For example melting ice are beginning to be relevant in the moderation of temperatures; when main temperature are low melting was insignificant, but current temperatures melting more ice, melting ice waste energy without change of temperature; the current models proves to including the melting ice (read Really are temperatures stopping its rice?). However even correction all the models foresee a rise in temperature.

Data is concluding: Earth is warming day by day. There are satellites that scrutinize temperatures around the globe. There are also controlling the thermal forcing, is to say the balance between the energy that enters and leaves. Climate is in the eye, because every year increases the amount of economic losses that causes. And only the other economic interest, the interest of fossil energies which doesn’t want to lose their business.
 
by NOAA july 2015